The Kurds who have been divided between Iran, Iraq, Turkey and Syria were and are the main victims of Genocide all around the world. What are you hearing now is a very short part of the Genocide of the Kurds, a nation without land, without a government, without international rights – a nation that is now fighting for democracy, for liberalism.
The Halabja chemical attack was a massacre and genocide against the Kurdish people by Saddam Hussein in 1988. The attack took place during the closing days of the Iran-Iraq War in the Kurdish city of Halabja in southern Kurdistan just 48 hours after the town fell to the Iranian army. It killed 5,000 people and injured 7,000 to 10,000, most of them civilians. The Halabja attack is the largest chemical weapons attack directed against a civilian-populated area in history.
Also Al-Anfal Genocide, a campaign by Saddam Hussein that killed 182,000 Kurds in Iraq Kurdistan between 1986-89.
And these Genocides continues in Iran. In Gharna, Ghalatan, Serchinar, Pawe, Sanandaj, Mariwan, Indirqash, Oshnavieh and more than 20,000 Kurdish men, women and children were killed by the Iranian regime. here we will talk shortly about some of these Genocides in Iranian Kurdistan.
One of the most painful human tragedies of the Kurdistan wars was the massacre of innocent people in the village of Gharna. The background of this tragedy dates back to the clashes between the Kurdish Peshmarga and the forces who were called ‘Javanmardan’ under the command of Mullah Hassani.
On September 2, 1979, around 1:00 pm, the forces under the command of Mullah Hassani launched an assault on the village of Gharna using tanks and canons. As an act of revenge against those killed in the earlier clash, the forces massacred the village people. Based on the names and statistics available, 64 citizens were viciously murdered.
Mullah Saleh Rahimi, while pointing out the tragic incident in the village of Ghrana in which some armed and irresponsible individuals killed some of the village residents as an act of Qesas for the martyrs of Doab cervix said, “Innocent people who were martyred in the village of Gharna were all faithful to the Islamic Revolution.”
A woman who has lost her 15 and 18 year old children in the massacre says, “They showed mercy to nobody. We have never heard of such atrocities anywhere. Those who are alive were either away from their homes and the village, or found a way to hide themselves
Following the regime’s massacre of “Gharna” and “Ghalatan” villages in Kurdistan, harassment of women over the compulsory Islamic dress code was exacerbated.
On 28 Aug 1980, Revolutionary Gaurds attacked the village of “Ghalatan” in the suburbs of “Naghadeh” city; This brutal atack resulted in the death of 13 civilian.
On the 4th of November 1980, “Basij” forces under the commandership of Maboudi attacked the villages of “Inder Ghash” and ” Yousef Kand” located 10 kilumeters away from Mahabad. The invadors massacared 35 civilians in a matter of few hours.
On 8 Nov 1980, only 4 days after the massacare of civilians in “Inder Ghash” and ” Yousef Kand”, revolutionary Gaurds, under the commandership of “Mullah Hassan” and “Maboudi” raided in “Soufian” village in the suburbs of “Oushnavieh” city and murdered 12 people. Age of 7 of the victims were over 50. During the attack, 20 people were also wounded.
The policy of mass slaughter of Kurds continued and 40 people were massacared in the villages of “Dilancherakh”, “Halbi”,”Koykan”, “Raizi Shakakan” and “Youneslian”.
On 25 March 1983 in the villages of “Cheghel Mostafa” , “Khalifelina” and “Gourkhaneh” in the suburbs of “Naghadeh” city, 21 people were massacared.
On 23 March 1983 in the villages of “Halghoush” and “Gijeh”, in the region of “Soma”, situated in the suburbs of “Oroumia” city 13 people were murdered.
In Sardasht, West Azerbaijan (June 28, 1987), Iraq dropped what Iranian authorities believed to be mustard gas in two separate bombing runs on four residential areas.
In mid-August 1979, Khomeini, the new religious leader of Iran, in his statement, declared a jihad (holy struggle) and a fatwa (religious edict) against the Iranian Kurds and key Kurdish nationalist figures were declared “enemies of the state”, like Ghassemlou, Then the government then began a three-week campaign to clear out Kurdish strongholds, mainly Saqqez and Mahabad. On August 20, 1979.
The Kurds great leaders like as Ghazi Mohammad, who headed the Republic of Kurdistan in Mahabad and An Iranian military court sentenced Qazi and two of his associates to death by hanging in Chwarchira Square, in the center of the city of Mahabad, on March 31, 1947and Dr. Abdulrahman Ghasemlou, who has been terror by Iranian Regime
Today we have a big amount of Execution, Arresting, Long Life prison and Terror but the Kurds are continue to make their freedom, independence and Human rights like as other free nations, and no one can stop them.
Note: This report was presented in 37th UN’s session about Human Right in Geneva.
Helmet Maroufi is the manager of the Kurdistan Human Right Organization- Rojhelat and Journalist in Roji Kurd center.