More than 700 Kurdish activists and civilians have been detained by Iranian security forces across Kurdistan provinces in Iran/Report

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By: Helmet Maroufi

Arresting the people in Kurdistan, Ahwaz and Baluchistan is not a new event in Iran, but recently increased more than before.

Currently he UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Iran, Asma Jahangir, has published the second report of her tenure, covering the period January 1 – June 31, 2017. Despite obstacles posed by the Iranian government’s “considerably reduced rate of reply” to the Special Rapporteur’s queries (18 of 21 communications went unanswered) and an “extremely disturbing” level of fear (including of reprisals against loved ones living inside the country) among those who have tried to communicate with the Special Rapporteur, the report draws on information from a number of expert and civil society sources. But the Iranian regime had no pay attention to this voices and violence, discrimination, assassination and arresting in Kurdistan, Al- Ahwaz and Baluchistan is continuously continues.

During the last eight months of 2017,  more than 350 Kurdish people have been arrested in different towns in Iranian Kurdistan, this high level started in the last two years. First, after “Rasan”, the Kurdish new period of military operations in Iranian Kurdistan takes their freedom. Secondly, in the last two months, after shootings at Khomeini’s tomb and Parliament.”

In June, 7 2017, the data proved that this attack was a joke, the regime started a new period of arrests and executions in Kurdistan, Baluchistan and also Al Ahwaz. In this two period of arresting in Iranian Kurdistan based on clear data, more than 800 Kurdish people in Iranian Kurdsitan have been arrested.

From 25, Sep, 2017 till 29, Sep, 2017, based on news from Kurdistan in Iran,  More than 700 Kurdish activists and civilians have been detained by security forces across Kurdistan provinces in Iran following massive rallies in support and solidarity for Kurdistan independence referendum of Iraq.

Some of Arrested persons are:

Boukan city: Puya ghoraishi- Omid Faroughi- Awat Soltani- Edris Ghadri- Rahman Ghadri- Rahman Khosrawi- Salman Bipush- Rahim Afshari- Ghafur Nasiri- Diako Pourmstafa- Ghafur Pourahmad

Saqez city: Bakhtiyar Khoshnam. He is a well-known Kudish civil activist in Saqez city – Hiwa Dastbaz- Sarina Mohamadi- Hamid Rezayi- Jalal Kasnazani- Ayoub Hosainzade- Saho Salehi- Adel Karimi- Yadollah Karimi- Hemn Karimi- Ali Hosaini- Khalid Alipour- Ata Rahmanzadeh

Pranshahr city: Ghadr Azarbarzin – Soran Hosain pour- Shorsh Ibrahimi- Wahis (his family name is not known)- Bakhtiyar Maroufi- Shorsh Ibrahimi.

Mahabad: Rounak Aghayi with her daughter Sirwa Mousazade.

Sanandaj: Moslem Saeed Pour -payman Menbari -Ahmad Menbari -Arsalan AliMoradi -Mohammad Ahmadi -Shahriar Askouee -Mozaffar Saleh Nia -Mojgan …… -Abdul Basit Amini -Sina Zand Salimi -Diako Ghader Marzi -Shaho Askouee -Ahmad Moradi -Mohammad Az -Hemn Sa’dullahi -Arman Wafaee -Saman Naderi -Adil Khani -Moin  Afzali- Amir Hossein Yousefi -Pedram Fathi -Sirvan Salimi -Hamed Chat Zar -Hesam Eskandari -Ayoub Mohammadi -Sina Qaisari-Kianoush Sa’ed panah.

Jiwanro City: Ako Yari- Hadi Bazani- kamal Mazahiri

Baneh City: Sorush Mohamadi- Mansour Asrari

Ever since the creation of Iran as a nation-state in the aftermath of the First World War, the central government has employed policies to oppress, suppress, marginalise, assimilate, and discriminate against the country’s non-Persian nationalities. These targeted minority groups include the Kurds, Al-Ahwazi Arabs, Turkmen, and Baluch, among others living within Iran’s borders.

This systematic method from Iran regime is not new and begun from the day first that the Molla’s regime begun in Iran.

In a speech on 17 December 1979, Khomeini called the concept of ethnic minority contrary to Islamic doctrines. He also accused those who do not wish Muslim countries to be united in creating the issue of nationalism among minorities. His views were shared by many in the clerical leadership.

 In mid-August, without sufficient preparations and regardless of army’s advice, the Revolutionary Guard marched on the Kurd-held town of Paveh, falling into a major ambush. The defeat prompted Khomeini to approach the heads of the army and the government. The new Iranian Islamic leadership had little patience for Kurdish requests and opted for crushing unrest through military means. As a result, Khomeini, the new religious leader of Iran, declared a jihad (holy struggle) and a fatwa (religious edict) against the Iranian Kurds and key Kurdish nationalist figures were declared “enemies of the state”, like Ghassemlou, in his statement on August 17, 1979 The government then began a three-week campaign to clear out Kurdish strongholds, mainly Saqqez and Mahabad.

On August 20, 1979, the Iranian army started the Siege of Mahabad. By August 30 it was reported they had managed to completely surround the city and three days of negotiations started. After this failed, Iranian forces invaded the city on September 3 backed by F-4 fighter jets and over 100 tanks. Backed also by artillery power, they managed to seize control of the town after just several hours of fighting. The defeat in Mahabad was a major blow to the Iranian Kurds, and afterwards Iranian forces continued to march on the smaller town of Baneh. Over 500 people were killed during the siege.

Some more information’s about human right situation in Iranian Kurdistan:

Mahammad Nazari, Omar Faqipour and Khlaed Fareiduni, have been in prison for about 25 years, without the right of vacation and meeting with their families. In the past two years, especially many Kurdish women have been arrested in Iranian Kurdistan and they have been condemned to long-time prison.”

Mohammad_Nazari (45), sentenced 2 life time in prison. He, who suffers from heart disease, entered the 25th years of his sentence. And now because on 60 Tags hunger strike He is seriously in dangerous of death.

Also Kurdish women situation in Iran was the anthere them of her reaport: “Nashmil Sohrabi, Manizhe Fatehim, Farzaneh Abdi, Prshang Fatehi, Sara kamangar, Sahar Fayzi, Asrin Aminzadeh, Trouske Waisi, Najibeh Salihzadeh, Sara Rostami are some of these Kurdish girls that have been arrested and condemned to long-time jail. Also Sahar chouini, Sheyda Hatami, Shilan Roushandel, seyran Majidi, are Kurdish university students, who have been killed in university.

Execution of Kurds, Baluchis and Arabs in Iran is a political action, an act done to physically suppress them. In eight months, more than 53 of Kurds, in Iranian Kurdistan, have been executed in different prisons. The number of killed victims is certainly higher than those previously announced. Secret and unannounced group executions continue inside Iranian prisons and their family members are under pressure by the Iranian authorities.”

inJuly and August 2017 more than 40 Kurdish people have been executed in Iran. Among the Kurds, who were executed in eight months, three women have been killed with their husbands, of which, Salahaddin and his wife Shahlam, Kurush Razayi and his wife Zeynab Hossaini. Sheikh Morad Ibrahimi, who has been executed in August 2017, had a daughter who has autism. Actually Loukman and Zaniar Moradi and Kamal Hassan Ramadan are in danger because they will be executed.

Loukman and Zaniar have been imprisoned for 8 years in Rajayi Shahr Jail, pending execution. They have written more than four letters to Ahmad Shahid and Asime Jahangirm, but no one worries about them. During the last eight months of 2017,  more than 350 Kurdish people have been arrested in different towns in Iranian Kurdistan, this high level started in the last two years. First, after “Rasan”, the Kurdish new period of military operations in Iranian Kurdistan takes their freedom. Secondly, in the last two months, after shootings at Khomeini’s tomb and Parliament.”

inJuly and August 2017 more than 40 Kurdish people have been executed in Iran. Among the Kurds, who were executed in eight months, three women have been killed with their husbands, of which, Salahaddin and his wife Shahlam, Kurush Razayi and his wife Zeynab Hossaini. Sheikh Morad Ibrahimi, who has been executed in August 2017, had a daughter who has autism. Actually Loukman and Zaniar Moradi and Kamal Hassan Ramadan are in danger because they will be executed.

Resources:

  • Hengaw association
  • Mirovayeti Organization

Helmet Maroufi, is the manager of Kurdistan Human Right organization- Rojhelat (mirovayeti) and also Journalist in Roji Kurd center. He has Master degree in Educational Planning from Tehran university and now he lives in Swiss.

Email: o.mahroufi@gmail.com

 

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